The Parliament of the Southern Common Market (Mercosur), agreed on Monday to support the policy of peaceful diplomacy promoted by the Venezuelan Government to resolve the dispute with the Cooperative Republic of Guyana on the Essequibo and the struggle to assert their legitimate rights in this area, stripped by the British Empire.
In a communiqué, posted on the twitter account of the Embassy of Venezuela in Uruguay, the Parliament of Mercosur urged the government of Guyana not to grant concessions to transnational oil companies for exploration and extraction of oil in the disputed territory.
“The Mercosur Parliament declares to accompany the peace diplomacy carried out by the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and President Nicolas Maduro, for, within the framework of civilized dialogue, to seek for a peaceful solution, accepted by both parties, to the territorial dispute between Venezuela and the Cooperative Republic of Guyana, a reason why the latter are urged not to grant concessions in the disputed territory” refers the writing.
The paper, published in the @EmbaVenUruguay Twitter account, the Mercosur Parliament rejected the actions of oil companies, including Exxon Mobil, which seek to undermine the sovereignty of the Latin American union according to their corporate interests, “generating political tensions between fraternal peoples forced to resolve their disputes preserving the peace, unity and regional integration “.
Furthermore, this stance ratified that the only adequate channels to resolve the dispute over the Essequibo territory are those established in the Geneva Agreement, signed in 1966, and to continue with the mechanism of the Good Officer under the position of Secretary General of the United Nations.
Also, the parliamentarians of Mercosur agreed to spread this statement in regional parliaments and international bodies.
The Guyana Essequibo, which has an area of 159,542 kilometers, belongs to Venezuela since 1777, when it was created the Captaincy General of Venezuela.
In 1811 all the areas that belonged to the Captaincy were included in its first Constitution. Despite such historical evidences, this territory was intended to be stripped by the British Empire two centuries ago, which generated the controversy that remains today with Guyana.
To resolve the dispute, in 1966 Great Britain agreed to start talks with Venezuela, and on February 17 that year was achieved the signing of the Geneva Agreement, signed in Switzerland. This agreement was acknowledged by Guyana after its independence, on May 26 that year.